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Effect of Occupational Therapy-Led Playgroups in Early Intervention on Child Playfulness and Caregiver Responsiveness: A Repeated-Measures Design/

By: Fabrizi; SE.
Contributor(s): Ito Max A | Winston K.
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticle Media type: Article ISSN: 02729490.Center: is copyrighted. Text may not be copied without the express written permission of the publisher except for the imprint of the video screen content or via the output options of the EBSCOhost software. Text is intended solely for the use of the individual user..Subject(s): Teràpia Ocupacional | Pediatria | Infants amb necessitats especials | Joc - Ús terapèutic | Estimulació precoçOnline resources: Accés restringit usuaris EUIT In: American Journal of Occupational Therapy 2016 MAR-ABR;70 (2)Summary: $a OBJECTIVE. This study's objective was to investigate the effects of a community playgroup on the playfulness of children with special needs ages 15 mo to 3 yr and the responsiveness of their caregivers. METHOD. Using a pretest-posttest, repeated-measures design, we evaluated 8 child-caregiver dyads participating in an 8-wk occupational therapist-led community playgroup recruited from a purposive sample enrolled in early intervention. Video recordings from four time points over 4 mo were used to determine playfulness (Test of Playfulness) of the child and the responsiveness of the caregiver. RESULTS. Blinded raters assessed playfulness and responsiveness outcomes. A repeated-measures analysis of variance demonstrated that participation in the playgroup significantly increased child playfulness (ηp2 = .89, p < .01). Analysis did not detect a change in caregiver responsiveness. CONCLUSION. The results of this study have implications for the use of playgroups in comprehensive occupational therapy practice in early intervention.
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Item type Current location Collection Call number url Status Notes Date due Barcode
Journal article Journal article Escola Universitària d'Infermeria i Teràpia Ocupacional de Terrassa
Internet
En línia Link to resource Exclòs de préstec (Accés restringit) Consulta en línia 0000003348550
Journal article Journal article Escola Universitària d'Infermeria i Teràpia Ocupacional de Terrassa
Biblioteca
Paper Capses ordenades alfabéticament (Browse shelf) Exclòs de préstec Consulta en Sala 0000003348567

Test of Playfulness (ToP) Version 4.2

20160211

$a OBJECTIVE. This study's objective was to investigate the effects of a community playgroup on the playfulness of children with special needs ages 15 mo to 3 yr and the responsiveness of their caregivers. METHOD. Using a pretest-posttest, repeated-measures design, we evaluated 8 child-caregiver dyads participating in an 8-wk occupational therapist-led community playgroup recruited from a purposive sample enrolled in early intervention. Video recordings from four time points over 4 mo were used to determine playfulness (Test of Playfulness) of the child and the responsiveness of the caregiver. RESULTS. Blinded raters assessed playfulness and responsiveness outcomes. A repeated-measures analysis of variance demonstrated that participation in the playgroup significantly increased child playfulness (ηp2 = .89, p < .01). Analysis did not detect a change in caregiver responsiveness. CONCLUSION. The results of this study have implications for the use of playgroups in comprehensive occupational therapy practice in early intervention.

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