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Challenge-Skills and Mindfulness: An Exploration of the Conundrum of Flow Process / Jonathan J. Wright, Gaynor Sadla, Graham Stew

By: Wright, Jonathan J [autor].
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticleContent type: text Media type: informàtic Carrier type: recurs en líniaSubject(s): Teràpia Ocupacional | Consciència plena | FlowOnline resources: Text complet In: OTJR: 2006; 26(1): 1-8Summary: Key words: fl ow, optimal experience, occupation ABSTRACT The process of flow, a psychological state that seems to occur during optimal human experience, is currently unclear. This exploratory study examines how flow begins and what happens during and after a flow experience. A phenomenological approach was taken to examine the flow experiences of an artist, a musician, and a horticulturist. Participants kept journals and participated in semi-structured interviews. The results suggest that two phenomena, “challenge-skills” and “mindfulness,” were identified as being “flow” experiences. Challenge-skills and mindfulness had some common features. Both involved living in the present moment, not worrying, and performing activities because they were intrinsically rewarding. They were distinctly different experiences in regard to the effort involved, the perception of time, and the consequences of the experience. Understanding the process of challenge-skills and mindfulness may have implications for our understanding of the relationship between occupation, consciousness, and health and for occupational therapy practice.
List(s) this item appears in: Novetats bibliogràfiques. Articles. Febrer 2019
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Item type Current location Collection Call number url Status Notes Date due Barcode
Journal article Journal article Escola Universitària d'Infermeria i Teràpia Ocupacional de Terrassa
Internet
En línia Link to resource Exclòs de préstec 0001017283318
Journal Journal Escola Universitària d'Infermeria i Teràpia Ocupacional de Terrassa
Internet
En línia Exclòs de préstec Consulta en línia CINAHL. 2003-2010. 44229

Key words: fl ow, optimal experience, occupation
ABSTRACT
The process of flow, a psychological state that seems to occur during optimal human experience, is currently unclear. This exploratory study examines how flow begins and what happens
during and after a flow experience. A phenomenological approach was taken to examine the
flow experiences of an artist, a musician, and a horticulturist. Participants kept journals and
participated in semi-structured interviews. The results suggest that two phenomena, “challenge-skills” and “mindfulness,” were identified as being “flow” experiences. Challenge-skills
and mindfulness had some common features. Both involved living in the present moment, not
worrying, and performing activities because they were intrinsically rewarding. They were distinctly different experiences in regard to the effort involved, the perception of time, and the consequences of the experience. Understanding the process of challenge-skills and mindfulness may have implications for our understanding of the relationship between occupation, consciousness, and health and for occupational therapy practice.

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