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Comparing executive functioning and clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of people with schizophrenia who hold a driver’s license to those who do not / Nurit Hellinger [i 3 més]

By: Hellinger, Nurit [autor].
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticleContent type: text Media type: informàtic Carrier type: recurs en líniaSubject(s): Teràpia Ocupacional | Conducta | Avaluació | Esquizofrènia | Conducció de vehiclesOnline resources: Accés restringit usuaris EUIT
Contents:
Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Abraham Weizman, Navah Z. Ratzon
In: CANADIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY 2019 FEB;86(1):70-80Summary: Background. Community engagement requires driving. However, there is paucity of research focusing on the potential to drive for people with schizophrenia. Purpose. This study aimed to characterize people with schizophrenia by comparing clinical signs, executive functions (EF), and sociodemographic aspects of those holding a driver’s license to those without one. Method. This cross-sectional study used convenience sampling to select 60 ambulatory individuals to participate: 31 with a driver’s license and 29 without one. They completed the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) for evaluation of EF and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) for symptoms severity evaluation. Data were analyzed using multivariate analyses of covariance and logistic regression models. Findings. Participants with a license had less severe negative symptoms and general psychopathology and better EF and sociodemographic aspects compared to those without a license. Logistic regression revealed significant odds ratios (OR) in general psychopathology (PANSS; OR ¼ 0.963, p ¼ .011) and in the WCST (OR ¼ 0.504, p ¼ .027). Implications. This study offers occupational therapists a data-driven perspective on evaluating potential fitness to drive to enable participation in daily life and well-being of people with schizophrenia.
List(s) this item appears in: Novetats bibliogràfiques. Articles. Abril 2019
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Item type Current location Collection Call number url Status Date due Barcode
Journal article Journal article Escola Universitària d'Infermeria i Teràpia Ocupacional de Terrassa
Internet
En línia Not for loan 0001017287644
Journal Journal Escola Universitària d'Infermeria i Teràpia Ocupacional de Terrassa
Internet
En línia Link to resource Not for loan 0001017291412

Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Abraham Weizman, Navah Z. Ratzon

Background. Community engagement requires driving. However, there is paucity of research focusing on the potential to drive
for people with schizophrenia. Purpose. This study aimed to characterize people with schizophrenia by comparing clinical signs,
executive functions (EF), and sociodemographic aspects of those holding a driver’s license to those without one. Method. This
cross-sectional study used convenience sampling to select 60 ambulatory individuals to participate: 31 with a driver’s license and
29 without one. They completed the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) for evaluation of EF and the Positive and Negative
Syndrome Scale (PANSS) for symptoms severity evaluation. Data were analyzed using multivariate analyses of covariance and
logistic regression models. Findings. Participants with a license had less severe negative symptoms and general psychopathology
and better EF and sociodemographic aspects compared to those without a license. Logistic regression revealed significant odds
ratios (OR) in general psychopathology (PANSS; OR ¼ 0.963, p ¼ .011) and in the WCST (OR ¼ 0.504, p ¼ .027). Implications.
This study offers occupational therapists a data-driven perspective on evaluating potential fitness to drive to enable participation
in daily life and well-being of people with schizophrenia.

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